NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.4

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.4 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 1 Integers Ex 1.4.

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 1.

Evaluate each of the following:
(a) (-30) ÷ 10
(b) 50 ÷ (-5)
(c) (-36) ÷ (-9)
(d) (-49) ÷ (49)
(e) 13 ÷ [(-2) + 1]
(f) 0 ÷ (-12)
(g) (-31) ÷ [(-30) + (-1)]
(h) [(-36) ÷ 12] ÷ 3
(i) [(-6) + 5] ÷ [(-2) + 1]

Solution:
(a) (-30) ÷ 10 = 30/10 = -3
(b) 50 ÷ (-5) = 50/5 =  -10
(c) (-36) ÷ (-9) = 36/9 = 4
(d) (-49) ÷ (49) = 49/49 =  -1
(e) 13 ÷ [(-2) + 1] = 13 ÷  -1 = 13/1 =  -13
(f) 0 ÷ (-12) = 0/12 = 0
(g) (-31) ÷ [(-30) + (-1)] = (-31) ÷ (-31) = 31/31 = 1
(h) [(-36) ÷ 12] ÷ 3 = [−36/12] ÷ 3 =  -3 ÷ 3 = 3/3 =  -1
(i) [(-6) + 5] ÷ [(-2) + 1] = (-1) ÷ (-1) = 1/1 = 1

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 2.

Verify that a ÷ (b + c) ≠ (a ÷ b) + (a ÷ c) for each of the following values of a, b and c.
(Ð°) a = 12, b = – 4, c = 2
(b) a = (-10), b = 1, c = 1

Solution:
(a) a = 12, 6 = – 4, c = 2
a ÷ (b + c) = 12 ÷ [(-4) + 2]
= 12 ÷ (-2) = 12/2 =  -6
(a ÷ b) + (a ÷ c) = [12 ÷ (-4)] + [12 ÷ 2]
= 12/4 + 12/2 = −3 + 6 = 3
Since, (-6) ≠ 3
Hence, a ÷ (b + c) ≠ (a ÷ b) + (a ÷ c)

(b) a = (-10), b = 1, c = 1
a ÷ (b + c) = (-10) ÷ (1 + 1)
=(-10) ÷ 2 = 10/2 = -5
(a ÷ b) + (a ÷ c)
=[(-10) ÷ 1] + [(-10) ÷ 1]
=(−10)/1 + (−10)/1
= (-10) + (-10) = -20
Since (-5) ≠ (-20)
Hence, a ÷ (b + c) ≠ (a ÷ b) + (a ÷ c)

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 3.

Fill in the blanks:
(a) 369 ÷ _____ = 369
(b) (-75) ÷ _____ = -1
(c) (-206) ÷ _____ = 1
(d) -87 ÷ _____ = 87
(e) _____ ÷ 1 = -87
(f) _____ ÷ 48 = -1
(g) 20 ÷ _____ = -2
(h) _____ ÷ (4) = -3

Solution:
(a) 369 ÷ _____ = 369     Hence, 369 ÷ 1 = 369
(b) (-75) ÷ _____ = -1      Hence, (-75) ÷ 75 = -1
(c) (-206) ÷ _____ = 1      Hence, (-206) ÷ (-206) = 1
(d) -87 ÷ _____ = 87        Hence, -87 ÷ (-1) = 87
(e) _____ ÷ 1 = -87     Hence, -87 ÷ 1 = -87
(f) _____ ÷ 48 = -1     Hence, (-48) ÷ 48 = -1
(g) 20 + _____ = -2    Hence, 20 ÷ (-10) = -2
(h) _____ + (4) = -3    Hence, (-12) ÷ (4) = -3

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 4.

Write five pairs of integers (a, b) such that a ÷ b = -3. One such pair is (6, -2) because 6 ÷ (-2) = -3.

Solution:
(i) (9, -3) because 9 ÷ (-3) = -3
(ii) (-12, 4) because (-12) ÷ 4 = -3
(iii) (15, -5) because 15 ÷ (-5) = -3
(iv) (21, -7) because 21 ÷ (-7) = -3
(v) (30, -10) because 30 ÷ (-10) = -3

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 5.

The temperature at 12 noon was 10°C above zero. If it decreases at the rate of 2°C per hour until midnight, at what time would the temperature be 8°C below zero? What would be the temperature at midnight?

Solution:
The temperature at 12 noon was 10°C above zero, i.e., +10°C
Rate of decrease in temperature per hour = 2°C
Number of hours from 12 noon to midnight = 12
Change in temperature in 12 hours
= 12 × (-2°C) = -24°C
Temperature at midnight = +10°C + (-24°C) = -14°C
Hence, the temperature at midnight = -14°C
Difference in temperature between +10°C and -8°C
= +10°C – (-8°C) = +10°C + 8°C = 18°C
Number of hours required = 18°C
/2°C = 9 hours
Time after 9 hours from 12 noon = 9 pm.

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 6.

In a class test (+3) marks are given for every correct answer and (-2) marks are given for every incorrect answer and no marks for not attempting any question:
(i) Radhika scored 20 marks. If she has got 12 correct answers, how many questions has she attempted incorrectly?
(ii) Mohini scores -5 marks in this test, though she has got 7 correct answers. How many questions has she attempted incorrectly?

Solution:
It is given that +3 marks are given for each correct answer and (-2) marks are given for each incorrect answer. Zero marks are given for not attempting questions.
(i) Marks obtained by Radhika for 12 correct answers = (+3) × 12 = 36
Total marks obtained by Radhika = 20
Marks obtained by Radhika for incorrect answers = 20 – 36 = -16
Number of incorrect answers = (−16) ÷ (−2) = (−16)/(−2) = 8
Hence, the required number of incorrect answers is 8.

(ii) Marks scored by Mohini = -5
Number of correct answers by Mohini = 7
Marks obtained by Mohini for 7 correct answers = 7 × (+3) = 21
Marks obtained for incorrect answers = -5 – 21 = (-26)
Number of incorrect answers = (-26) ÷ (-2) = 13
Hence, the required number of incorrect answers is 13.

Ex 1.4 Class 7 Maths Question 7.

An elevator descends into a nine shaft at the rate of 6 m/min. If the descent starts from 10 m above the ground level, how long will it take to reach -350 m.

Solution:
The current position of the elevator is at 10 m above the ground level.

Distance moved by the elevator below the ground level = 350 m

Total distance moved by the elevator = 350 m + 10 m = 360 m
Rate of descent = 6 m/min.
Total time taken by the elevator = 360/6 min
= 60 minutes = 1 hour
Hence, the required time is 1 hour.

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