**NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2**

NCERT Solutions for Class
11 Maths Chapter 10
Straight Lines Ex 10.2 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths. Here
you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines
Ex 10.2.

**In Exercises 1 to 8, find the equation of the line which satisfy the
given conditions:**

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question
1.**

Write the equations for the x-and y-axes.

**Solution:**

We know that the y-coordinate of each point on the x-axis is 0.

If P(x, y) is any point on the x-axis, then y = 0.

∴ Equation of x-axis is y = 0.

Also, we know that the x-coordinate of each point on the y-axis is 0.

If P(x, y) is any point on
the y-axis, then x = 0.

∴ Equation of y-axis is x = 0.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 2.**

Passing through the point (-4, 3) with slope ½.

**Solution:**

We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point
(x_{0}, y_{0}) is given by (y – y_{0}) = m (x – x_{0}).

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 3.**

Passing through (0, 0) with slope m.

**Solution:**

We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point
(x_{0}, y_{0}) is given by (y – y_{0}) = m(x – x_{0})

Here, slope = m, x_{0} = 0, y_{0} = 0

Required equation is (y – 0)
= m(x – 0)

⇒ y = mx.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 4.**

Passing through (2, 2√3) and inclined with the x-axis at an angle of 75°.

**Solution:**

We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point
(x_{0}, y_{0}) is given by (y – y_{0}) = m(x – x_{0})

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 5.**

Intersecting the x-axis at a distance of 3 units to the left of origin with
slope -2.

**Solution:**

We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point

(x_{0}, y_{0}) is given by (y – y_{0}) = m(x – x_{0}).

Here, m = –2, x_{0} = –3, y_{0} = 0

Required equation is y – 0 = -2(x + 3)

⇒ 2x + y + 6 = 0

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question
6.**

Intersecting the y-axis at a distance of 2 units above the origin and making an
angle of 30° with positive direction of the x-axis.

**Solution:**

We know that the equation of line with slope m and passing through the point (x_{0},
y_{0}) is given by (y – y_{0}) = m(x – x_{0}).

**Ex 10.2
Class 11 Maths Question 7.**

Passing through the points (-1, 1) and (2, -4).

**Solution:**

Let the given points be A(-1, 1) and B(2, -4).

We know that the equation of a line passing
through two given points (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2})
is given by:

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 8.**

Perpendicular distance from the origin is 5 units and the angle made by the
perpendicular with the positive x-axis is 30°.

**Solution:**

Here, it is given that p = 5 and ⍵ = 30°.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 9.**

The vertices of ∆PQR are P(2, 1), Q(-2, 3) and R(4, 5). Find equation of the
median through the vertex R.

**Solution:**

The vertices of ∆PQR are P(2, 1), Q(-2, 3) and R(4, 5).

Let S be the mid-point of PQ.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 10.**

Find the equation of the line passing through (-3, 5) and perpendicular to the
line through the points (2, 5) and (-3, 6).

**Solution:**

Let M(2, 5) and N(-3, 6) be the end points of the given line segment.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 11.**

A line perpendicular to the line segment joining the points (1, 0) and (2, 3)
divides it in the ratio 1 : n. Find the equation of the line.

**Solution:**

Let A(1, 0) and B(2, 3) be the given points and the point D divides the line
segment in the ratio 1 : n.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 12.**

Find the equation of a line that cuts off equal intercepts on the coordinate
axes and passes through the point (2, 3).

**Solution:**

Let the required line make intercepts *a* on the x-axis and y-axis.

Then, its equation is x/a + y/b = 1

⇒ x + y = a … (i)

Since (i) passes through the point (2, 3), we have

2 + 3 = a ⇒ a = 5

So, required equation of the line is:

x/5 + y/5 = 1 ⇒ x + y = 5.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 13.**

Find equation of the line passing through the point (2, 2) and cutting off
intercepts on the axes whose sum is 9.

**Solution:**

Let the intercepts made by the line on the x-axis and y-axis be *a* and 9
– *a* respectively.

Then, its equation is

x/a + y/(9−a) = 1

Since it passes through point (2, 2), we have 2/a + 2/(9−a) = 1

⇒ 2(9 – a) + 2a = a(9 – a)

⇒ 18 – 2a + 2a = 9a – a^{2}

⇒ 18 = 9a – a^{2}

⇒ a^{2} – 9a + 18 = 0

⇒ a^{2} – 6a – 3a + 18 = 0

⇒ a(a – 6) – 3 (a – 6) = 0

⇒ (a – 3) (a – 6) = 0

⇒ a = 3, 6

Now, if a = 3 ⇒ b = 9 – 3 = 6 and if a = 6 ⇒ b = 9 – 6 = 3

So, the required equation is:

x/3 + y/6 = 1 or x/6 + y/3 = 1

i.e., 2x + y – 6 = 0 or x + 2y – 6 = 0.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 14.**

Find equation of the line through the point (0, 2) making an angle 2Ï€/3 with the positive x-axis. Also, find the
equation of the line parallel to it and crossing the y-axis at a distance of 2
units below the origin.

**Solution:**

Here, m = tan 2Ï€/3 = −√3

The equation of the line passing through point (0, 2) is y – 2 = −√3(x – 0)

⇒ √3x + y – 2 = 0

The slope of line parallel to √3x + y – 2 =
0 is −√3.

Since, it passes through (0, -2).

So, the equation of line is y + 2= −√3(x – 0)

⇒ √3x + y + 2 = 0.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 15.**

The perpendicular from the origin to a line meets it at the point (-2, 9), find
the equation of the line.

**Solution:**

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 16.**

The length L (in centimetre) of a copper rod is a linear function of its
Celsius temperature C. In an experiment, if L = 124.942 when C = 20 and L =
125.134 when C = 110, express L in terms C.

**Solution:**

Assuming L along x-axis and C along y-axis, we have two points (124.942, 20)
and (125.134, 110). By two-point form, the point (L, C) satisfies the equation

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 17.**

The owner of a milk store finds that he can sell 980 litres of milk each week
at Rs. 14/litre and 1220 litres of milk each week at Rs. 16/litre. Assuming a
linear relationship between selling price and demand, how many litres could he
sell weekly at Rs. 17/litre?

**Solution:**

Assuming L (litres) along x-axis and R(rupees) along y-axis, we have two points
(980, 14) and (1220, 16).

By two-point form, the point (L, R) satisfies the equation.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 18.**

P(a, b) is the mid-point of a line segment between axes. Show that equation of
the line is x/a + y/b = 2.

**Solution:**

Let the line AB makes intercepts c and d on the x-axis and y-axis,
respectively.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 19.**

Point R(h, k) divides a line segment between the axes in the ratio 1 : 2. Find
equation of the line.

**Solution:**

Let AB be the given line segment making intercepts *a* and *b* on the
x-axis and y-axis, respectively.

Then, the equation of the line AB is x/a + y/b = 2.

Now, R(h, k) divides the line segment AB in the ratio 1 : 2.

**Ex 10.2 Class 11
Maths Question 20.**

By using the concept of equation of a line, prove that the three points (3, 0),
(-2, -2) and (8, 2) are collinear.

**Solution:**

Let the given points be A(3, 0), B(-2, -2) and C(8, 2). Then, the equation of
the line passing through A and B is:

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