NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths Chapter 10 Straight Lines Ex 10.2.


In Exercises 1 to 8, find the equation of the line which satisfy the given conditions:

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 1.

Write the equations for the x-and y-axes.

Solution:
We know that the y-coordinate of each point on the x-axis is 0.
If P(x, y) is any point on the x-axis, then y = 0.
Equation of x-axis is y = 0.
Also, we know that the x-coordinate of each point on the y-axis is 0.

If P(x, y) is any point on the y-axis, then x = 0.
Equation of y-axis is x = 0.

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 2.

Passing through the point (-4, 3) with slope ½.

Solution:
We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point (x0, y0) is given by (y – y0) = m (x – x0).


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 3.

Passing through (0, 0) with slope m.

Solution:
We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point (x0, y0) is given by (y – y0) = m(x – x0)
Here, slope = m, x0 = 0, y0 = 0

Required equation is (y – 0) = m(x – 0)
y = mx.

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 4.

Passing through (2, 2√3) and inclined with the x-axis at an angle of 75°.

Solution:
We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point (x0, y0) is given by (y – y0) = m(x – x0)

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 5.

Intersecting the x-axis at a distance of 3 units to the left of origin with slope -2.

Solution:
We know that the equation of a line with slope m and passing through the point
(x0, y0) is given by (y – y0) = m(x – x0).
Here, m = –2, x0 = –3, y0 = 0
Required equation is  y – 0 = -2(x + 3)

2x + y + 6 = 0

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 6.

Intersecting the y-axis at a distance of 2 units above the origin and making an angle of 30° with positive direction of the x-axis.

Solution:
We know that the equation of line with slope m and passing through the point (x0, y0) is given by (y – y0) = m(x – x0).


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 7.

Passing through the points (-1, 1) and (2, -4).

Solution:
Let the given points be A(-1, 1) and B(2, -4).
We know that the equation of a line passing through two given points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is given by:

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 8.

Perpendicular distance from the origin is 5 units and the angle made by the perpendicular with the positive x-axis is 30°.

Solution:
Here, it is given that p = 5 and
= 30°.


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 9.

The vertices of ∆PQR are P(2, 1), Q(-2, 3) and R(4, 5). Find equation of the median through the vertex R.

Solution:
The vertices of ∆PQR are P(2, 1), Q(-2, 3) and R(4, 5).
Let S be the mid-point of PQ.

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 10.

Find the equation of the line passing through (-3, 5) and perpendicular to the line through the points (2, 5) and (-3, 6).

Solution:
Let M(2, 5) and N(-3, 6) be the end points of the given line segment.


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 11.

A line perpendicular to the line segment joining the points (1, 0) and (2, 3) divides it in the ratio 1 : n. Find the equation of the line.

Solution:
Let A(1, 0) and B(2, 3) be the given points and the point D divides the line segment in the ratio 1 : n.

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 12.

Find the equation of a line that cuts off equal intercepts on the coordinate axes and passes through the point (2, 3).

Solution:
Let the required line make intercepts a on the x-axis and y-axis.
Then, its equation is x/a + y/b = 1
x + y = a … (i)
Since (i) passes through the point (2, 3), we have
2 + 3 = a
a = 5
So, required equation of the line is:
x/5 + y/5 = 1 
x + y = 5.

 

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 13.

Find equation of the line passing through the point (2, 2) and cutting off intercepts on the axes whose sum is 9.

Solution:
Let the intercepts made by the line on the x-axis and y-axis be a and 9 – a respectively.
Then, its equation is
x/a + y/(9a) = 1
Since it passes through point (2, 2), we have 2/a + 2/(9a) = 1
2(9 – a) + 2a = a(9 – a)
18 – 2a + 2a = 9a – a2
18 = 9a – a2 

a2 – 9a + 18 = 0
a2 – 6a – 3a + 18 = 0
a(a – 6) – 3 (a – 6) = 0

(a – 3) (a – 6) = 0

a = 3, 6
Now, if a = 3
b = 9 – 3 = 6 and if a = 6 b = 9 – 6 = 3
So, the required equation is:
x/3 + y/6 = 1 or x/6 + y/3 = 1
i.e., 2x + y – 6 = 0 or x + 2y – 6 = 0.

 

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 14.

Find equation of the line through the point (0, 2) making an angle 2π/3 with the positive x-axis. Also, find the equation of the line parallel to it and crossing the y-axis at a distance of 2 units below the origin.

Solution:
Here, m = tan 2π/3 = 3
The equation of the line passing through point (0, 2) is y – 2 = 3(x – 0)
 3x + y – 2 = 0
The slope of line parallel to 3x + y – 2 = 0 is 3.
Since, it passes through (0, -2).
So, the equation of line is y + 2= 3(x – 0)
 3x + y + 2 = 0.

 

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 15.

The perpendicular from the origin to a line meets it at the point (-2, 9), find the equation of the line.

Solution:


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 16.

The length L (in centimetre) of a copper rod is a linear function of its Celsius temperature C. In an experiment, if L = 124.942 when C = 20 and L = 125.134 when C = 110, express L in terms C.

Solution:
Assuming L along x-axis and C along y-axis, we have two points (124.942, 20) and (125.134, 110). By two-point form, the point (L, C) satisfies the equation

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 17.

The owner of a milk store finds that he can sell 980 litres of milk each week at Rs. 14/litre and 1220 litres of milk each week at Rs. 16/litre. Assuming a linear relationship between selling price and demand, how many litres could he sell weekly at Rs. 17/litre?

Solution:
Assuming L (litres) along x-axis and R(rupees) along y-axis, we have two points (980, 14) and (1220, 16).
By two-point form, the point (L, R) satisfies the equation.


Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 18.

P(a, b) is the mid-point of a line segment between axes. Show that equation of the line is x/a + y/b = 2.

Solution:
Let the line AB makes intercepts c and d on the x-axis and y-axis, respectively.

 

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 19.

Point R(h, k) divides a line segment between the axes in the ratio 1 : 2. Find equation of the line.

Solution:
Let AB be the given line segment making intercepts a and b on the x-axis and y-axis, respectively.
Then, the equation of the line AB is x/a + y/b = 2.

So, these points are A(a, 0) and B(0, b).
Now, R(h, k) divides the line segment AB in the ratio 1 : 2.

Ex 10.2 Class 11 Maths Question 20.

By using the concept of equation of a line, prove that the three points (3, 0), (-2, -2) and (8, 2) are collinear.

Solution:
Let the given points be A(3, 0), B(-2, -2) and C(8, 2). Then, the equation of the line passing through A and B is:

Clearly, the point C(8, 2) satisfy the equation 2x – 5y – 6 = 0.
[ 2(8) – 5(2) – 6 = 16 – 10 – 6 = 0]
Hence, the given points lie on the same straight line whose equation is 2x – 5y – 6 = 0.


You can also like these:

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 9

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 12

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