NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Exponents and Powers Ex 13.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Exponents and Powers Ex 13.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Exponents and Powers Ex 13.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Exponents and Powers Ex 13.2 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths Chapter 13 Exponents and Powers Ex 13.2.



Ex 13.2 Class 7 Maths Question 1.

Using laws of exponents, simplify and write the answer in exponential form:
(i) 32 × 34 × 38
(ii) 615 ÷ 610
(iii) a3 × a2
(iv) 7x × 72
(v) (52)3 ÷ 53
(vi) 25 × 55
(vii) a4 × b4
(viii) (34)3
(ix) (220 ÷ 215) × 23
(x) 8t ÷ 82

Solution:
(i) 32 × 34 × 38 = 32+4+8 = 314       [am × an = am+n]
(ii) 615 ÷ 610 = 615-10 = 65             [am ÷ an = am-n]
(iii) a3 × a2 = a3+2 = a5                  [am × an = am+n]
(iv) 7x × 72 = 7x+2                          [am × an = am+n]
(v) (52)3 ÷ 53 = 52×3 ÷ 53 = 56 ÷ 53 = 56-3 = 53     [(am)n = amn and am ÷ an = am-n]
(vi) 25 × 55 = (2 × 5)5 = 105         [am × bm = (ab)m]
(vii) a4 × b4 = (ab)4                       [am × bm = (ab)m]
(ix) (220 ÷ 215) × 23 = 220-15 × 23
= 25 × 23 = 25+3 = 28                        [am ÷ an = am-n and am × an = am+n]
(x) 8t ÷ 82 = 8t-2                            [am ÷ an = am-n]

 

Ex 13.2 Class 7 Maths Question 2.

Simplify and express each of the following in exponential form:

Solution:

Ex 13.2 Class 7 Maths Question 3.

Say true or false and justify your answer:
(i) 10 × 1011 = 10011
(ii) 23 > 52
(iii) 23 × 32 = 65
(iv) 320 = (1000)0

Solution:
(i) 10 × 1011 = 101+11 = 1012
RHS = 10011 = (102)11 = 1022
1012 ≠ 1022
The given statement is false.

(ii) 23 > 52
LHS = 23 = 8
RHS = 52 = 25
Since 8 < 25
23 < 52
Thus, the given statement is false.

(iii) 23 × 32 = 65
LHS = 23 × 32 = 8 × 9 = 72
RHS = 65 = 6 × 6 × 6 × 6 × 6 = 7776
72 ≠ 7776
The given statement is false.

(iv) 30 = (1000)0
LHS = 30 = 1
RHS = (1000)0 = 1

1 = 1           True       [ a0 = 1]

The given statement is true.

Ex 13.2 Class 7 Maths Question 4.

Express each of the following as a product of prime factors only in exponential form:
(i) 108 × 192
(ii) 270
(iii) 729 × 64
(iv) 768

Solution:
(i) 108 × 192 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3
= 28 × 34


(iii) 729 × 64 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2
= 36 × 26


Ex 13.2 Class 7 Maths Question 5.

Simplify:

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