NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers Ex 16.2

# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers Ex 16.2

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers Ex 16.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers Ex 16.2 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 16 Playing with Numbers Ex 16.2.

### Ex 16.2 Class 8 Maths Question 1.

If 21y5 is a multiple of 9, where y is a digit, what is the value of y?

Solution:
Since the number 21y5 is divisible by 9.
So, the sum of its digits 2 + 1 + y + 5 = 8 + y is divisible by 9.
(8 + y) is either 0 or 9 or 18 or 27 …
But since y is a digit, so (8 + y) must be equal to 9.
i.e., 8 + y = 9
y = 9 – 8 = 1

Thus, y = 1.

### Ex 16.2 Class 8 Maths Question 2.

If 31z5 is a multiple of 9, where z is a digit, what is the value of z?

Solution:
Since the number 31z5 is divisible by 9.
So, the sum of its digits 3 + 1 + z + 5 = 9 + z is divisible by 9.
(9 + z) is either 0 or 9 or 18 or 27 …
But since z is a digit, so (9 + z) must be equal to 9 or 18…
i.e., 9 + z = 9
z = 0 and 9 + z = 18 z = 9

Thus, z = 0 or 9.

### Ex 16.2 Class 8 Maths Question 3.

If 24x is a multiple of 3, where x is a digit, what is the value of x?

Solution:
Since 24x is divisible by 3. So, the sum of its digits 2 + 4 + x = (6 + x) is
divisible by 3.
(6 + x) is one of the numbers 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, …
But x is a digit. Therefore, (6 + x) must be equal to 6 or 9 or 12 or 15.
i.e., 6 + x = 6 or 9 or 12 or 15
x = 0 or 3 or 6 or 9
Thus, x can have any of the four different values, i.e., 0, 3, 6 or 9.

### Ex 16.2 Class 8 Maths Question 4.

31z5 is a multiple of 3, where z is a digit, what might be the values of z?

Solution:
Since 31z5 is divisible by 3. So, the sum of its digits 3 + 1 + z + 5 = (9 + z) is divisible by 3.
(9 + z) is one of the numbers 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, …
But z is a digit. Therefore, (9 + z) must be equal to 9 or 12 or 15 or 18.
i.e., 9 + z = 9 or 12 or 15 or 18
z = 0 or 3 or 6 or 9
Thus, z can have any of the four different values, i.e., 0, 3, 6 or 9.

You can also like these:

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 9

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 11

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 12