NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Ex 11.3.



Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 1.

There are two cuboidal boxes as shown in the figure. Which box requires the lesser amount of material to make?


Solution:
(a) Volume of the cuboid = l × b × h = 60 × 40 × 50 = 1,20,000 cm3
(b) Volume of the cube = (Side)3 = (50)3 = 50 × 50 × 50 = 1,25,000 cm3
Cuboidal box (a) requires the lesser amount of material.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 2.

A suitcase with measures 80 cm × 48 cm × 24 cm is to be covered with a tarpaulin cloth. How many metres of tarpaulin of width 96 cm is required to cover 100 such suitcases?

Solution:
Dimensions of the suitcase = 80 cm × 48 cm × 24 cm
l = 80 cm, b = 48 cm and h = 24 cm
Total surface area of the suitcase = 2[lb + bh + hl]
= 2[80 × 48 + 48 × 24 + 24 × 80]
= 2[3840 + 1152 + 1920]
= 2 × 6912
= 13824 cm2
Let the length of tarpaulin required be l cm.

Area of tarpaulin required = length × breadth = l × 96 = 96l cm2
Area of tarpaulin required = Total surface area of 100 suitcase
96l = 100 × 13824
l = 100 × 144 = 14400 cm = 144 m
Hence, the required length of the tarpaulin is 144 m.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 3.

Find the side of a cube whose surface area is 600 cm2.

Solution:
Total surface area of a cube = 6l2
Therefore, 6l2 = 600
l2 = 100
l = √100 = 10 cm
Hence, the required length of a side of the cube is 10 cm.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 4.

Rukhsar painted the outside of the cabinet of measure 1 m × 2 m × 1.5 m. How much surface area did she cover if she painted all except the bottom of the cabinet?


Solution:
Given: l = 2 m, b = 1 m, h = 1.5 m
Area of the surface to be painted = Total surface area of box – Area of base of box
= 2[lb + bh + hl] – lb
= 2[2 × 1 + 1 × 1.5 + 1.5 × 2] – 2 × 1
= 2[2 + 1.5 + 3] – 2
= 2[6.5] – 2
= 13 – 2
= 11 m2
Hence, the required area to be painted is 11 m2.


Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 5.

Daniel is painting the walls and ceiling of a cuboidal hall with length, breadth and height of 15 m, 10 m and 7 m respectively. From each can of paint 100 m2 of the area is painted. How many cans of paint will she need to paint the room?

Solution:
Surface area of a cuboidal hall without bottom = Total surface area – Area of base
= 2[lb + bh + hl] – lb
= 2[15 × 10 + 10 × 7 + 7 × 15] – 15 × 10
= 2[150 + 70 + 105] – 150
= 2[325] – 150
= 650 – 150
= 500 m2
Area painted by one can of paint = 100 m2
Number of cans required to paint 500 m2500/100 = 5 cans.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 6.

Describe how the two figures given below are alike and how they are different. Which box has a larger lateral surface area?


Solution:
The two given figures are cylinder and cube.
The two figures are alike in respect of their same height.
Cylinder: d = 1 cm, h = 7 cm
Cube: Length of each side (a) = 7 cm
Both the figures are different in respect of their shapes.
Lateral surface area of a cylinder = 2πrh
= 2 × 22/7 × 7/2 × 7 = 154 cm2
Lateral surface area of a cube = 4l2 = 4 × (7)2 = 4 × 49 = 196 cm2
So, the cube has the larger lateral surface area.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 7.

A closed cylindrical tank of radius 7 m and height 3 m is made from a sheet of metal. How many sheets of metal is required?

Solution:
Area of required metal sheet = Total surface area of the cylindrical tank = 2πr(h + r)
= 2 × 22/7 × 7(3 + 7)
= 2 × 22/7 × 7 × 10
= 440 m2
Hence, the required area of metal sheet is 440 m2.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 8.

The lateral surface area of a hollow cylinder is 4224 cm2. It is cut along its height and formed a rectangular sheet of width 33 cm. Find the perimeter of the rectangular sheet.

Solution:
Breadth of the rectangular sheet (b) = 33 cm

Lateral surface area of the hollow cylinder = Area of the rectangular sheet
4224 = l × b

4224 = l × 33

l = 4224/33

l = 128 cm
Perimeter of the rectangular sheet = 2(l + b) = 2(128 + 33) = 2 × 161 = 322 cm
Hence, the required perimeter is 322 cm.

 

Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 9.

A road roller takes 750 complete revolutions to move once over to level a road. Find the area of the road if the diameter of a road roller is 84 cm and length is 1 m.

Solution:
Radius of road roller = 84/2 = 42 cm and height = 1 m = 100 cm

The lateral surface area of the road roller = 2πrh

Hence, the area of road is 1980 m2.


Ex 11.3 Class 8 Maths Question 10.

A company packages its milk powder in a cylindrical container whose base has a diameter of 14 cm and height 20 cm. The company places a label around the surface of the container (as shown in the figure). If the label is placed 2 cm from top and bottom, what is the area of the label?

Solution:
Here, r = 14/2 = 7 cm
Height of the cylindrical label = 20 – (2 + 2) = 16 cm
Surface area of the cylindrical-shaped label = 2πrh
= 2 × 22/7 × 7 × 16
= 704 cm2
Hence, the required area of the label is 704 cm2.


You can also like these:

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 9

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 10

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 11

NCERT Solutions for Maths Class 12

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