NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex 3.4

# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex 3.4

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex 3.4

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex 3.4 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex 3.4.

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 1.

State whether True or False.
(a) All rectangles are squares.
(b) All rhombuses are parallelograms.
(c) All squares are rhombuses and also rectangles.
(d) All squares are not parallelograms.
(e) All kites are rhombuses.
(f) All rhombuses are kites.
(g) All parallelograms are trapeziums.
(h) All squares are trapeziums.

Solution:
(a) False
(b) True
(c) True
(d) False
(e) False
(f) True
(g) True
(h) True

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 2.

Identify all the quadrilaterals that have
(a) four sides of equal length
(b) four right angles

Solution:
(a) Squares and rhombuses have four sides of equal length.
(b) Rectangles and squares have four right angles.

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 3.

Explain how a square is
(ii) a parallelogram
(iii) a rhombus
(iv) a rectangle

Solution:
(i) A square is a quadrilateral because it is a four-sided polygon.
(ii) A square is a parallelogram due to the following properties:
(a) Opposite sides are equal and parallel.
(b) Opposite angles are equal.
(iii) A square is a rhombus because its all sides are equal and opposite sides are parallel.
(iv) A square is a rectangle because its opposite sides are equal and parallel and has equal diagonals.

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 4.

(i) bisect each other
(ii) are perpendicular bisectors of each other
(iii) are equal

Solution:
(i) Parallelogram, rectangle, square and rhombus
(ii) Square and rhombus
(iii) Square and rectangle

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 5.

Explain why a rectangle is a convex quadrilateral.

Solution:
In a rectangle, both of its diagonals lie in its interior and each of its angle measures less than 180°. Hence, a rectangle is a convex quadrilateral.

### Ex 3.4 Class 8 Maths Question 6.

ABC is a right-angled triangle and O is the midpoint of the side opposite to the right angle. Explain why O is equidistant from A, B and C. (The dotted lines are drawn additionally to help you).

Solution:
Since the right-angled triangle ABC makes a rectangle ABCD by the dotted lines.
Therefore, OA = OB = OC = OD [Diagonals of a rectangle are equal and bisect each other]
Hence, O is equidistant from A, B and C.

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