NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula Ex 12.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula Ex 12.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula Ex 12.2

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula Ex 12.2 are the part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths. Here you can find the NCERT Solutions for Chapter 12 Heron’s Formula Ex 12.2.

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 1.
A park, in the shape of a quadrilateral ABCD, has C = 90°, AB = 9 m, BC = 12 m, CD = 5 m and AD = 8 m. How much area does it occupy?

Solution:
Given, a quadrilateral ABCD in which C = 90°, AB = 9 m, BC = 12 m, CD = 5 m and AD = 8 m.
Let us join B and D, such that ΔBCD is a right-angled triangle.

Now, to find the area of ∆ABD, we need the length of BD.
In right-angled ∆BCD, BD2 = 502 + CD2                    (by Pythagoras theorem)
BD2 = 122 + 52
BD2 = 144 + 25 = 169
BD = 13 m

Now, for ∆ABD, we have
a = AB = 9 m, b = AD = 8 m, c = BD = 13 m

Area of quadrilateral ABCD = area of ∆BCD + area of ∆ABD

= 30 m2 + 35.5 m2
= 65.5 m2 (approx.)

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 2.
Find the area of a quadrilateral ABCD in which AB = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm, CD = 4 cm, DA = 5 cm and AC = 5 cm.

Solution:
Given a quadrilateral ABCD with AB = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm, CD = 4 cm, DA = 5 cm and AC = 5 cm.

For ∆ABC, a = AB = 3 cm, b = BC = 4 cm and c = AC = 5 cm

Now, area of quadrilateral ABCD = area of ∆ABC + area of ∆ACD
= 6 cm2 + 9.2 cm2 = 15.2 cm2 (approx.)

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 3.
Radha made a picture of an aeroplane with coloured paper as shown in figure. Find the total area of the paper used.

Solution:
For surface I:
It is an isosceles triangle whose sides are a = 5 cm, b = 5 cm, c = 1 cm

= (0.75 × 3.3) cm2
= 2.475 cm2 (approx.)

For surface II:
It is a rectangle with length 6.5 cm and breadth 1 cm.
Area of surface II = Length × Breadth
= (6.5 × 1) cm2 = 6.5 cm2
For surface III:
It is a trapezium whose parallel sides are 1 cm and 2 cm as shown in the figure given below:

For surface IV and V:
Surface V is a right-angled triangle with base 6 cm and height 1.5 cm.
Also, area of surface IV = area of surface V
½ × base x height
= (½ × 6 × 1.5) cm2 = 4.5 cm2
Thus, the total area of the paper used = (area of surface I) + (area of surface II) + (area of surface III) + (area of surface IV) + (area of surface V) = [2.475 + 6.5 + 1.3 + 4.5 + 4.5] cm2
= 19.275 cm2
= 19.3 cm2 (approx.)

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 4.
A triangle and a parallelogram have the same base and the same area. If the sides of the triangle are 26 cm, 28 cm and 30 cm, and the parallelogram stands on the base 28 cm, find the height of the parallelogram.

Solution:
For the given triangle, we have a = 28 cm, b = 30 cm, c = 26 cm

Area of the given parallelogram = Area of the given triangle
Area of the parallelogram = 336 cm2
base × height = 336
28 × h = 336, where ‘h’ be the height of the parallelogram.
h = 336/28 = 12 cm
Thus, the required height of the parallelogram is 12 cm.

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 5.
A rhombus shaped field has green grass for 18 cows to graze. If each side of the rhombus is 30 m and its longer diagonal is 48 m, how much area of grass field will each cow be getting?

Solution:
Here, each side of the rhombus = 30 m.
Let ABCD be the given rhombus and the diagonal, BD = 48 m

Sides of ∆ABC are a = AB = 30 m, b = AD = 30 m, c = BD = 48 m

Since, a diagonal divides the rhombus into two congruent triangles.
Area of triangle II = 432 m2
Now, the total area of the rhombus = Area of triangle I + Area of triangle II
= 432 m2 + 432 m2= 864 m2
Area of grass for 18 cows to graze = 864 m2
Area of grass for 1 cow to graze = 864/18 m2
= 48 m2

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 6.
An umbrella is made by stitching 10 triangular pieces of cloth of two different colours (see figure), each piece measuring 20 cm, 50 cm and 50 cm. How much cloth of each colour is required for the umbrella?

Solution:
Let the sides of each triangular piece be a = 20 cm, b = 50 cm, c = 50 cm

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 7.
A kite in the shape of a square with a diagonal 32 cm and an isosceles triangle of base 8 cm and sides 6 cm each is to be made of three different shades as shown in figure. How much paper of each shade has been used in it?

Solution:
Each shade of paper is divided into 3 triangles, i.e., I, II, III

For triangle I:
ABCD is a square [Given]
Diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other.
AC = BD = 32 cm
Height of ΔABD = OA = (½ × 32) cm = 16 cm
Area of triangle I = (½ × 32 × 16) cm2 = 256 cm2

For triangle II:
Since, diagonal of a square divides it into two congruent triangles.
So, area of triangle II = area of triangle I
Area of triangle II = 256 cm2

For triangle III:
The sides are given as a = 8 cm, b = 6 cm and c = 6 cm

Thus, the area of different shades are:
Area of shade I = 256 cm2
Area of shade II = 256 cm2
and area of shade III = 17.92 cm2

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 8.
A floral design on a floor is made up of 16 tiles which are triangular, the sides of the triangle being 9 cm, 28 cm and 35 cm (see figure). Find the cost of polishing the tiles at the rate of 50 paise per cm2.

Solution:
Let the sides of the triangle be a = 9 cm, b = 28 cm, c = 35 cm

Total area of all the 16 triangles = (16 × 88.2) cm2 = 1411.2 cm2 (approx.)
Cost of polishing the tiles = Rs. 0.5 per cm2
Cost of polishing all the tiles = Rs. (0.5 × 1411.2) = Rs. 705.60 (approx.)

Ex 12.2 Class 9 Maths Question 9.
A field is in the shape of a trapezium whose parallel sides are 25 m and 10 m. The non-parallel sides are 14 m and 13 m. Find the area of the field.

Solution:
The given field is in the shape of a trapezium ABCD such that parallel sides are AB = 10 m and DC = 25 m
Non-parallel sides are AD = 13 m and BC = 14 m.

We draw BE || AD, such that BE = 13 m.

The given field is divided into two shapes (i) ∆BCE, (ii) parallelogram ABED

(i) For ∆BCE:

Sides of the triangle are a = 13 m, b = 14 m, c = 15 m

(ii) For parallelogram ABED:
Let the height of the ∆BCE corresponding to the side EC be h m.
Area of a triangle = ½ × base × height
½ × 15 × h = 84

7.5 × h = 84

h = 84/7.5 = 11.2 m2
Now, area of a parallelogram = base × height
= (10 × 11.2) = 112 m2
So, area of the field = area of ∆BCE + area of parallelogram ABED
= 84 m2 + 112 m2 = 196 m2

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