**Carl Friedrich Gauss**

**Born:**30

^{th}April, 1777, Braunschweig, Germany

**Died:**23

^{rd}February, 1855, GÃ¶ttingen, Germany

**Awards:**Copley Medal

**Education:**University of Helmstedt, University of GÃ¶ttingen, Braunschweig University of Technology

Carl Friedrich Gauss, a German
mathematician who contributed significantly in many fields, including number
theory, statistics, algebra, analysis, differential geometry,
geodesy, mechanics, electrostatics, geophysics, astronomy, matrix
theory, and optics.

Gauss
proved the fundamental theorem of algebra which states that
every non-constant single-variable polynomial with complex
coefficients has at least one complex root.

Gauss
also made important contributions to number theory with his
1801 book which, among other things, introduced the symbol ≡ for congruence.

Gauss proved
the following mathematical theorems:

·
Fermat polygonal number theorem for

*n*= 3
·
Fermat's last theorem for

*n*= 5
·
Descartes's rule of signs

·
Kepler conjecture for
regular arrangements

Gauss also claimed to have discovered
the possibility of non-Euclidean geometries but
never published it. This discovery was a major paradigm
shift in mathematics, as it freed
mathematicians from the mistaken belief that Euclid's axioms were the only way
to make geometry consistent and non-contradictory.

In 1831, with the physics professor Wilhelm
Weber, Gauss developed a new knowledge in magnetism (including finding a representation for the unit of
magnetism in terms of mass, charge, and time) and the discovery of Kirchhoff's
circuit laws in electricity.