Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Born: 14th March, 1879, Ulm, Germany
Died: 18th April, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, United States
Influenced: Satyendra Nath Bose, Leo Szilard, Wolfgang Pauli
Influenced by: Isaac Newton, Mahatma Gandhi

Albert Einstein was unquestionably one of the two greatest physicists in the history. The atomic theory achieved general acceptance only after Einstein’s 1905 paper which showed that atoms’ discreteness explained Brownian motion. 

Another 1905 paper introduced the famous equation E = mc2.

Einstein played a major role in developing quantum theory, beginning with his 1905 paper on the photoelectric effect. However, he became displeased with modern quantum mechanics as it had evolved after 1925, despite its acceptance by other physicists.

In a series of works completed from 1911 to 1913, Planck reformulated his 1900 quantum theory and introduced the idea of zero-point energy in his "second quantum theory". 

Assuming the energy of rotating diatomic molecules contains zero-point energy, they then compared the theoretical specific heat of hydrogen gas with the experimental data. 

In 1917, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe.
Following his research on general relativity, Einstein entered into a series of attempts to generalize his geometric theory of gravitation to include electromagnetism as another aspect of a single entity. In 1950, he described his "unified field theory" in a Scientific American article titled "On the Generalized Theory of Gravitation".

Einstein published at least 300 books or papers on physics altogether. 

Einstein was involved in the following theories:

           1.      Theory of relativity
           2.      Quantum theory
3.      Einstein–Cartan theory
4.      Geometric theory of gravitation
           5.      Unified field theory, etc.

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